Maths Year 4

In maths a Year 4 child is expected to know:

  • Read and write all numbers to 10,000
  • Know place value of each digit in a 4-digit number
  • Order a set of 4-digit numbers: greatest first, smallest first
  • Count on and back from any number in 2s, 3s, 4s, 5s, 6s, 7s, 8s, 9s,10s, 25s, 50s, 100s and 1000s up to 10,000
  • Round a number to the nearest 10 or 100
  • Read and write negative numbers
  • Count on and back in negative numbers
  • Add a number of 4-digit numbers using formal methods
  • Subtract 2, 4-digit numbers using formal methods
  • Estimate the answer to additions with up to 3-digit numbers
  • Estimate the answer to subtractions with up to 3-digit numbers
  • Rapid Recall: All table facts up to 12x, including their inverses
  • Multiply 2-digit and 3-digit numbers by a 1-digit number
  • Divide 2-digit numbers by a 1-digit number
  • Recognise and use factor pairs within 144
  • Fractions: Identify and name equivalent fractions with the same denominator up to and including 12
  • Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator (within 1 whole)
  • Decimal Fractions: Order decimal fractions up to tenths and hundredths
  • Multiply and divide decimal fractions by 10 and 100
  • Recognise fractional value of decimal fractions

A year 4 mathematician

Number, place value, approximation and estimation/rounding

  • I can count in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 1,000.
  • I can order and compare numbers beyond 1,000.
  • I can find 1,000 more or less than a given number.
  • I recognise the place value of each digit in a 4-digit number.
  • I can read Roman numerals to 100 and know that over time the numeral system changed to include the concept of zero and place value.
  • I can identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations.
  • I can round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1,000.
  • I can count backwards through zero to include negative numbers.
  • I can solve number and practical problems with the above (involving increasingly large numbers).


  • I can add and subtract numbers with up to 4-digits using the formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction.
  • I can estimate and use inverse operations to check answers in a calculation.
  • I can solve addition and subtraction 2-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why.
  • I an recall multiplication and division facts up to 12x12.
  • I can use place value, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, including: multiplying by 0 and 1; dividing by 1; multiplying together three numbers.
  • I recognise and use factor pairs and commutativity in mental calculations.
  • I can multiply 2-digit numbers by a 1-digit number using formal written layout.
  • I can solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including using the distributive law to multiply 2-digit numbers by 1-digit, integer scaling problems and harder correspondence problems such as n objects are connected to m objects.

Fractions, decimals and percentages

  • I an count up and down in hundredths.
  • I recognise that hundredths arise when dividing an object  by a hundred and dividing tenths by ten.
  • I recognise and show using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions.
  • I can add and subtract factions within the same denominator.
  • I recognise and write decimal equivalents to 1/4, 1/2 and ¾.
  • I recognise and write decimal equivalents of any number of tenths or hundredths.
  • I can round decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number.
  • I can compare numbers with the same number of decimal places up to 2 decimal places.
  • I can find the effect of dividing a 1-digit or 2-digit number by 10 and 100, identifying the value of the digits in the answer as ones, tenths and hundredths.
  • I can solve problems involving increasingly harder factions and fractions to divide quantities, including non-unit fractions where the answer is a whole number.
  • I can solve simple measure and money problems involving fractions and decimals to 2 decimal places.


  • I can compare different measures, including money in £ and p.
  • I can estimate different measures, including money in £ and p.
  • I can calculate different measures. Including money in £ and p.
  • I can read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12 hour clocks.
  • I can read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 24 hour clocks.
  • I can solve problems involving converting from hours to minutes; minutes to seconds; years to months; weeks to days.
  • I can convert between different units of measurements
  • I can measure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure in cm and m.
  • I can find the area of rectilinear shapes by counting squares.
  • I can calculate different measures

Geometry – properties of shapes

  • I can compare and classify geometric shapes, including quadrilateral and triangles based on their properties and sizes.
  • I can identify lines of symmetry in 2D shapes presented in different orientations.
  • I can complete a simple symmetric figure with respect to a specific line of symmetry,
  • I can identify acute and obtuse angles and compare and order angles up to two right angles by size.

Geometry – position and direction

  • I can describe movements between positions as translations of a given unit to the left/right and up/down.
  • I can describe positions on a 2D grid as coordinates in the first quadrant.
  • I can plot specified points and draw sides to complete a given polygon.


  • I can interpret and present discrete and continuous data using appropriate graphical methods, including bar charts and time graphs.
  • I can solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in bar charts, pictograms, tables and other graphs.

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