A year 4 speaker
- I ask questions to clarify or develop my understanding.
- I can sequence, develop and communicate ideas in an organised and logical way, always using complete sentences.
- I show that I understand the main point and the details in a discussion.
- I adapt what I am saying to the needs of the listener or audience (increasingly).
- I show that I know that language choices vary in different contexts.
- I can present to an audience using appropriate intonation; controlling the tone and volume so that the meaning is clear.
- I can justify an answer by giving evidence.
- I use Standard English when it is required.
- I cam perform poems or plays from memory, conveying ideas about characters and situations by adapting expression and tone.
A year 4 reader
- I can apply knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes to read aloud and to understand the meaning of unfamiliar words.
- I can read further exception words, noting the unusual correspondences between spelling and sound.
- I attempt pronunciation of unfamiliar words drawing on prior knowledge of similar looking words.
- I know which books to select for specific purposes, especially in relation to science, geography and history learning.
- I can use a dictionary to check the meaning of unfamiliar words.
- I can discuss and record words and phrases that writers use to engage and impact on the reader.
- I can identify some of the literary conventions in different texts.
- I can identify the (simple) themes in texts.
- I can prepare poems to read aloud and to perform, showing understanding through intonation, tone, volume and action.
- I can explain the meaning of words in context.
- I can ask relevant questions to improve my understanding of a text.
- I can infer meanings and begin to justify them with evidence from the text.
- I can predict what might happen from details stated and from the information I have deduced.
- I can identify where a writer has used precise word choices for effect to impact on the reader.
- I can identify some text type organisational features, for example, narrative, explanation and persuasion.
- I can retrieve information from non-fiction texts.
- I can build on others’ ideas and opinions about a text in discussion.
A year 4 writer
- I can spell words with prefixes and suffixes and can add them to root words.
- I can recognise and spell homophones.
- I can use the first two or three letters of a word to check a spelling in a dictionary.
- I can spell the commonly mis-spelt words from the Y3/4 word list.
- I can use the diagonal and horizontal strokes that are needed to join letters.
- I understand which letters should be left unjoined.
- My handwriting is legible and consistent; down strokes of letters are parallel and equidistant; lines of writing are spaced sufficiently so that ascenders and descenders of letters do not touch.
- I can compose sentences using a range of sentence structures.
- I can orally rehearse a sentence or a sequence of sentences.
- I can write a narrative with a clear structure, setting and plot.
- I can improve my writing by changing grammar and vocabulary to improve consistency.
- I use a range of sentences which have more than one clause.
- I can use appropriate nouns and pronouns within and across sentences to support cohesion and avoid repetition.
- I can use direct speech in my writing and punctuate it correctly.
Grammar and punctuation
- I can use noun phrases which are expanded by adding modifying adjectives, nouns and preposition phrases.
- I can use fronted adverbials.
- I can write in paragraphs.
- I make an appropriate choice of pronoun and noun within and across sentences.
- I can use inverted commas and other punctuation to indicate direct speech.
- I can use apostrophes to mark plural possession.
- I use commas after fronted adverbials.