When designing and making, pupils should be taught to:
Use research and develop design criteria to inform the design of innovative, functional, appealing products that are fit for purpose, aimed at particular individuals or groups
Generate, develop, model and communicate their ideas through discussion, annotated sketches, cross-sectional and exploded diagrams, prototypes, pattern pieces and computer-aided design
Select from and use a wider range of tools and equipment to perform practical tasks [for example, cutting, shaping, joining and finishing], accurately
Select from and use a wider range of materials and components, including construction materials, textiles and ingredients, according to their functional properties and aesthetic qualities
Investigate and analyse a range of existing products
Evaluate their ideas and products against their own design criteria and consider the views of others to improve their work
Understand how key events and individuals in design and technology have helped shape the world
Apply their understanding of how to strengthen, stiffen and reinforce more complex structures
Understand and use mechanical systems in their products [for example, gears, pulleys, cams, levers and linkages]
Understand and use electrical systems in their products [for example, series circuits incorporating switches, bulbs, buzzers and motors]
Apply their understanding of computing to program, monitor and control their products.
In cooking and nutrition:
Understand and apply the principles of a healthy and varied diet
Prepare and cook a variety of predominantly savoury dishes using a range of cooking techniques
Understand seasonality, and know where and how a variety of ingredients are grown, reared, caught and processed.
Year 4 Children can:
I can use ideas from other people when I am designing.
I can produce a plan and explain it.
I can evaluate and suggest improvements for my designs.
I can evaluate products for both their purpose and appearance.
I can explain how I have improved my original design.
I can present a product in an interesting way.
I can measure accurately.
I can persevere and adapt my work when my original ideas do not work.
I know how to be both hygienic and safe when using food.